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1+1=7: The Science Behind Why Sushi Tastes So Good



Have you ever wondered why sushi tastes incredibly delicious? In this article, I’m excited to delve into the scientific reasons why sushi tastes so good and share some practical tips for your sushi-making adventures.


The Fifth Taste: Umami

Identified about 100 years ago by Dr. Kikunae Ikeda, a Japanese chemist, umami is known as the savory flavor that is key to many beloved dishes worldwide. Dr. Ikeda first explored umami while pondering the distinctive taste of his miso soup, leading him to discover glutamic acid, an amino acid responsible for this flavor, prevalent in kombu kelp used to make dashi. Dashi, a fundamental component in miso soup and many other Japanese dishes, draws its savory quality from glutamic acid. This amino acid is also found in ingredients like Parmesan cheese and tomatoes, enhancing their flavor complexity.


Following Dr. Ikeda's discovery of glutamic acid, further research uncovered another type of umami-rich amino acid: inosinic acid, prevalent in mushrooms and bonito fish. When these ingredients are used to create broth, they contribute rich, savory layers to the dish, much like adding a bass line to music, providing depth and resonance.


Japanese stock, or dashi, traditionally made from kombu and dried bonito flakes, combines these two amino acids—glutamic and inosinic. The synergy between glutamic acid and inosinic acid doesn't simply add up—it magnifies, making flavors richer and more complex. For instance, when these two umami sources combine, they can enhance the umami taste up to seven times, not merely adding but exponentially increasing the savory flavor, explaining why dishes like miso soup are so satisfying. Another food that has this combination is mushroom pizza- parmesan cheese, tomato sauce and mushroom is also another umami powerhouse.


Umami in Sushi

Does this synergy occur in sushi as well? Absolutely. Take, for example, the Tekka (tuna) roll, a personal favorite. This simple sushi piece is a powerhouse of umami. Tuna naturally contains both glutamate and inosinate, and when combined with nori seaweed and soy sauce, both rich in glutamate, it creates a profound umami experience with every bite.


Additionally, pairing sushi with green tea, which contains glutamate, can further enhance this sensory experience. This is also why matcha desserts are incredibly popular—they offer a subtle umami flavor that enriches mochi ice cream, donuts, and cakes, adding a savory depth that balances the sweetness.


Incorporating Umami in Your Sushi Making

Here are a few simple techniques to infuse umami into your homemade sushi:


Kombu in Rice

Add a piece of kombu to your rice cooker or pot when cooking sushi rice. Soaking the kombu for at least an hour or overnight in the water used for cooking can significantly enhance the glutamic acid content of your rice, enriching its flavor.


Kombu in Sushi Vinegar

When preparing your sushi vinegar, include a piece of kombu to steep. This not only adds depth to the vinegar but subtly infuses your sushi rice with more umami.


Green Tea Rice

For a variation, cook your rice with green tea leaves. This method, known as Cha Meshi (tea rice), not only adds umami but also imparts a gentle green hue and the delicate aroma of green tea to your rice, elevating the sensory experience.


Konbu Cure for Fish

Applying the konbu cure method, particularly for fish like Tai Snapper, enhances the umami through osmosis. Covering the fish with damp kombu allows the glutamic acid to penetrate the fish, enriching its flavor and texture.


Zuke Method for Tuna

Marinating older tuna in soy sauce not only reduces surface bacteria, thus extending its freshness but also deepens the flavor profile. Be mindful of the marinating time to avoid overly salty or tough tuna.


Each of these methods leverages the power of umami to turn simple ingredients into an extraordinary meal, showcasing the magic of traditional Japanese culinary techniques combined with the science of flavor.


 
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Breakthrough Sushi offers sushi classes and sushi catering in the San Francisco Bay Area using sustainable seafood.


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